How to Grow Potatoes in Grow Bags (Beginner’s Guide)

Potatoes are delicious in any form — fried, baked, mashed, you name it! We love consuming these tasty tubers year-round. So, why not cut the cost and plant them ourselves? In fact, anyone can plant their own potatoes at home, even if they think they don’t have enough space. All you need to start is some soil and a fabric bag! 

Growing potatoes in grow bags is becoming a hobby for many home gardeners, and why not? If they can get the same delicious flavor with less space and money, who would say no to that?

Here, you’ll learn every step for growing these starchy tubers in a grow bag. So, let’s get started!

Potatoes for seed

In a Hurry? Here Are Our Top Picks…

Why Grow Potatoes in Grow Bags?

There are so many benefits to growing potatoes in bags –  here is a couple of them:

Better Control of Temperature 

Grow bags provide and maintain the ideal temperature for potatoes to grow and flourish so they don’t get overly dried out or waterlogged.

Better Air Exchange

Since fabric grow bags are breathable, they ensure that your potatoes are getting a healthy amount of airflow while growing.

Portability

You can move your potatoes in grow bags quickly and easily – there’s no need to worry about picking the right spot for them to grow, as you can always move them to a better spot. How cool is that! 

Accessibility

A lot of potato grow bags have openings that enable you to easily access your potatoes and monitor them. You can check their growth, so you know when they’re ready for harvesting without having to dig very deep.

They are Reusable

Reusability is a big plus when it comes to growing potatoes in bags. They can be used more than once, possibly for multiple seasons.

You Can Grow Other Vegetables in Potato Grow Bags

There are grow bags designed specifically for potatoes, but potatoes aren’t the only thing you can grow in these bags. You can also grow other delicious vegetables like carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, and sweet potatoes!

Disadvantages of Growing Potatoes in Grow Bags

Now that we’ve talked about what’s good about growing potatoes in grow bags, there are also some things to keep in mind that might make the experience less enjoyable if ignored.

They Need More Watering 

The most difficult thing about growing potatoes in a bag is that it requires more watering than if you’re using a traditional in-ground method of growing. They also need more watering than they would in containers or pots.

The reason behind this is that grow bags leak water excessively because they’re porous. So, expect the potatoes in the bag to take more time and effort to grow.

Not Super Durable

Though you can use them for 3 or 4 seasons (depending on cleaning and storage), grow bags aren’t as durable as a pot or container, which can last almost forever.  So, be aware of the potential long-term cost implication of this. 

How to Pick the Right Size of Potato Grow Bags

A good size for potato grow bags is a 9-10 gallon – 33 liter (ish) bag, which is big enough to grow 3 or 4 potato plants. You can, of course, use a smaller or bigger one and put fewer or more seed potatoes in it. But a 9-10 gallon bag is pretty portable and gives you a good amount of potatoes. 

The Suitable Compost for Potatoes

The quality of your potatoes depends on the nutrients they take from the compost or soil you plant them in. To plant potatoes, good-quality multi-purpose compost is crucial.

Is Fertilizer A Must When Growing Potatoes?

Fertilizer isn’t a must if you have good-quality compost with slow-release nutrients. However, if you’re seeking the heaviest harvest of potatoes, especially if you’re reusing your compost, it’s preferred to add some potato fertilizer. 

Best Time to Grow Potatoes

As a general rule, plant them in March and harvest them in the summer. You can, however, plant your potatoes in April or May and harvest them before fall. In fact, you can even plant them in August or September, and your crop will be ready in December.

When will My Potatoes be Ready to Harvest?

The readiness of your potato harvest mainly depends on two things – the potato variety you choose and the weather.

First, early potatoes should be ready to harvest around 10 weeks after you plant them, while second early potatoes should be ready to harvest around 13 weeks after planting them. Maincrop potatoes, on the other hand, are typically ready to harvest around 20 weeks after you plant them.

Choosing which variety to grow is really up to you. Just decide your preferred time to harvest your potatoes, and then you figure out what variety is the best to plant at that time. If you’d like to plant potatoes in April or May and harvest them in early June or July, we recommend you to go for a first early or second early potato variety, as they take less time to grow.

Once you’ve made up your mind about which type of potato you want to grow, it’s time to buy the seed potatoes.

What is a Seed Potato? 

Seed potatoes are the ones that have been specifically grown to be replanted and produce potato crops. The plant will grow out of the shoots that sprout from the seed potatoes. 

Buying seed potatoes is definitely a good idea because you can guarantee that your seeds are disease-free and certified. 

Making Seed Potatoes Sprout

When you let the seed potatoes sprout prior to planting, you’ll let your potatoes grow faster, thus not only harvesting earlier but also getting a bigger yield. You should start this process 3-4 weeks before planting your potatoes in the bag.

To start, place your seed potatoes in front of a sunny window, and if you want to keep them from rolling all over, put them in an open egg carton. You should start seeing initial results after one week. The shoots should be quite short and look strong, with a pinkish green color. 

If you notice the shoots look long, white, and fragile, this is an indicator your seed potatoes didn’t get enough light.

The Best Site for Potatoes to Grow

Firstly, as a rule, it’s always best to plant potatoes when there is no threat of frost. Secondly, find the sunniest spot possible, and pick that! The all-day sun is preferred, but 6-8 hours are also enough. Be mindful that you’re going to have to regularly water the potato bag, especially if there’s little to no rainfall.

One great perk of growing potatoes in a bag is that the bag is portable, so if you don’t get a perfect spot from the beginning, you can move it. It’s always better, though, to put them in the right place from the get-go to minimize any disruption and let them thrive as much as possible from day one. 

Planting Seed Potatoes

If your seed potatoes are small enough, it’s okay to plant them whole, but larger ones should be cut into around five 2-ounce chunks – each about the size of a lime. You don’t need to crowd your seed potatoes as potato plants grow quite big. Plant 2-4 potato seed pieces, cover them with several inches of soil and finally water them. 

Place the grow bag where it can get a lot of sunshine and stay cool, and not in a hot spot like against a hot wall or on a concrete patio. Keep watering as needed to make the deep plant roots moist, not soggy or wet. Fold the bag down from its top, forming a 4-inch cuff. Then, add about 4 inches of moist soil into the bag. 

Planting sprouted potatoes isn’t much different from planting unsprouted ones. You just need to be gentle with the seed potatoes so that you don’t damage the sprouts, and you have to make sure to make the sprouts point upwards from the surface of the soil. Also, make sure they have even space between each other and cover them with 3 inches of soil.

When the plants reach around 8 inches tall, that’s when you add some soil. Don’t worry about the leaves getting buried, that’s fine. As you add the soil, unfold the top of the bag, adding an extra 4 inches of water and soil. And once the plants grow 8 more inches, do the same again, and continue to repeat until the bag is completely full and you’re out of the soil.

This technique will help your plants produce a lot of potatoes, which will come out of the parts of the stem which are buried under the soil.

Watering

Though the porous fabric gives the potato bag a space to breathe, which prevents overwatering and overheating, you want to monitor the level of moisture in the bag since it can also dry out quickly. 

The soil shouldn’t feel soggy and should instead be moist. During the hottest time of the summer, you might want to water your potatoes every day! It all depends on how moist or dry your soil is.

Get Rid of Pests

One of the most common pests is the Colorado potato beetle. Check your potato bag regularly, and make sure to look under the leaves for clusters of the beetle’s yellow eggs. If you find them on your plant, just rub them off using your finger or anything else.

It’s easy to identify and control adult beetles. You’ll need to pick them off with your hands and throw them into a container filled with water mixed with soap. The beetles might bother you for a few weeks, but with regular checking and hand-picking, your potatoes should be fine afterward. 

Potato Disorders, Causes, and Remedies

Image courtesy of A Guide to Growing Potatoes in Your Home Garden

Harvesting

Watering is key if you want to see your potatoes growing vigorously in the summer. However, toward the end of the season, you’ll see that the leaves will begin yellowing a bit, and stems will start to wilt. This is when you should cut the watering and wait a week or two (assuming you planted them in spring). And there you go, your fresh potatoes should be ready to harvest!

Your potatoes will look quite shabby before harvesting time. You can harvest small potatoes by gently probing the soil using your fingers. But leave the bigger tubers and wait for them to mature. Cook the small potatoes as quickly as possible and store the larger ones in a cool, dry, shaded place indoors until they are ready to use.

Bag Aftercare

After harvesting, everything in the bag should be emptied (soil, plants, and everything else) into a wheelbarrow. Dig into the soil and pull the potatoes out. Expect to harvest on average 7 lbs of potatoes, although in a good year, you can harvest as much as 13 lbs. 

Then, either put the remaining soil in your compost pile or just add it to your garden. If your bag is still in good condition, clean it out and use it for the next season. Though growing potatoes might seem like a ton of work, once you get used to planting them, it will become almost second nature. 

And the best part? You’ll get to enjoy these delicious, natural, home-grown potatoes with your family throughout the whole year! 

You May Also be Interested In…

How to Grow Sweet Potatoes in Grow Bags

Shopping Cart
Scroll to Top